The clock is ticking for General Motors (GM). Next week the struggling automaker has to submit its restructuring plan to the Obama Administration to get the billions it needs to stay out of bankruptcy. But it may be even tougher to win over GM's bondholders.
The bondholders may end up being GM's most intransigent obstacle. The reason is that some among the diversified group of bondholders, which include such large institutional investors as Franklin Resources (BEN) and Fidelity Investments, are not convinced that they should take the company's offer to reduce their holdings by 70% in exchange for stock in the company. Others have their own demand that GM wrest more concessions from the United Auto Workers before they cut a deal.
If enough of them refuse to be part of the debt restructuring, they could throw a wrench in GM's plan to get the remaining $4 billion of a $13.4 billion loan package and keep the $9.4 billion it has already received in bailout funds. GM also needs to win concessions from the UAW, get its creditors to slash its $63 billion in debt, and show how it will be a viable company. Says Deutsche Bank Securities analyst Rod Lache: "There's a lot of risk that this won't happen. That's why we have GM's stock at a target price of zero."Bondholders Not All Keen on Equity
Here's why. When GM presented its plan to Congress on Dec. 2, President and COO Frederick A. Henderson said GM would offer a debt-for-equity exchange, trading enough stock to get the company's debt from $63 billion down to about $30 billion. Unsecured creditors would take notes worth 30 on the dollar and stock.
But sources close to a committee representing many bondholders say some creditors aren't all that keen to get equity in GM and they would like a smaller discount on their bonds. GM's stock may not rebound, and in a bankruptcy their stock holdings would be wiped out.
Whether GM can get its unsecured creditors, who collectively hold $31.5 billion of its $63 billion in debt, to renegotiate may depend on what the UAW is willing to give. GM has already talked about giving the UAW equity for half of the $20 billion the company owes the union for a retiree health-care trust fund.Unsecured Creditors at Risk
Sources close to some bondholders say that they are unhappy the UAW is being offered 50 on the dollar for its GM debt while they are being offered 30 on the dollar. "The bondholders are furious that the UAW could swap its debt for equity at 50," says Sean McAlinden, chief economist at the Center for Automotive Research.
There is talk among some bondholders that they may be able to get 30% on their holdings in bankruptcy court, but the judge may force a tougher restructuring than the government. So they would end up with equal value bonds, but in a company that has been restructured more severely. It is unclear which bondholders are digging in since they are not talking publicly. But Lache says some of them have insured their bonds with credit default swaps, which pay out the principal if GM can't pay the premium. Those note holders have less incentive to agree to a deal, Lache says.
But getting them to take GM's offer will depend on whom they believe. Some bondholders bought the debt at between 12 and 25on the dollar. They already are making a nice return since they bought the bonds so cheaply, and they figure they could break even in bankruptcy court. Others are saying they can do better in bankruptcy court. But McAlinden thinks that such talk is just posturing. They will have a tough time recouping the 30% that GM has offered. Says McAlinden: "Bankruptcy judges can be rough on unsecured creditors."